Easter Island was given its name by the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen, who encountered the island on Easter Sunday, 1722. Although a Polynesian island in southeastern Pacific Ocean, it is an overseas territory of Chile. Easter Island is famous for its mysterious, monumental statues, called moai, created by the Rapanui people. A total of 887 monolithic stone statues have been inventoried. The native islanders who carved them used only stone hand chisels, mainly basalt toki, which still lay in place throughout the island.
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